|Step 1: Prepare Background and Identify the Objectives|
|Environmentally Critical Areas (ECA) are those areas ranging from national parks to areas frequently exposed to hazards or areas that are historically interesting. These areas are identified in Presidential Proclamation 2146. The wide range in the classification might at first seem overwhelming, however, most data to this dataset will already be found in datasets that have probably been prepared already.
Environmentally Critical Projects (ECP) are projects or industries that have critical environmental impacts and therefore need to undergo environmental impact assessments and need to acquire Environmental Compliance Certificates (ECC) prior to implementation. Even though the LGU may not play a significant role in the environmental impact assessment system it is important to monitor these projects in order to plan for the appropriate location of these projects vis-à-vis residential and other land uses.
The CLUP must reflect these areas and projects. Some ECA may need to be surrounded by buffer zones so that the adjacent land will be free from intensive land use and thus protecting the ECAs. In the same way, buffer zones around ECPs can be used to prevent residential or agricultural land use in the vicinities of these projects.
The objective of this IP is to present an inventory as complete as possible regardless of what has already been analyzed in other IPs.
|Step 2: Identify the ECA Classes, Their Corresponding Datasets and the ECP Categories|
|The table below indicates from which CLUP table(s) the data can be reflected, copied or acquired.
ECA Classification (source)
To identify the different Environmental Critical Projects, refer to the projects that have been given an ECC. These can be categorized in the following classes:
|Step 3: Create the Database|
|Attributes and Spatial|
|There is one table to prepare for this presentation (and it is used in this example):
The custodians of this data are the EMB and LLDA. Simply capture the data into the CLUP table and digitize the locations from a secondary source map, or undertake a GPS survey where these locations are measured and then transferred into the CLUP GIS. The feature types here will be points or polygons.
The steps below will guide the presentation of the ECAs based on selections from other CLUP tables. However, if the EMB can provide the map of ECAs, this should enable the creation of a dataset from this source and use this as a comparison to the features that are selected within step 4.
|The procedure is to select features from the layers as mentioned below (here presented by their corresponding CLUP table index and short name) and save all selections into a new layer, named ‘ECA’. Another option is to assign the symbol for ECA (red border line) to all the types within a layer that also constitutes ECA.
LM08 Ancestral Domain
LM09 Cultural Heritage
For the following layers, please refer to guidelines.
|ECP (when polygon)|
|ECP (when point object)|
|Step 4: Analyze the Data|
|There is no analysis for this IP.|
|Step 5: Present the Data|
|The result is a map presenting the selected ECA features (red polygons) and ECP layers (here one layer with blue points and one layer with blue polygons). Roads, rivers and barangay boundaries are added to the map. The map constitutes an inventory of ECA and ECP in the municipality:|