4.01.03 How We Use GIS in Pateros

Fri, 11/16/2007 - 13:08

Pateros is located in the south eastern part of Metro Manila, bounded by Pasig City on the North, Taguig on the South and Makati City on the West. It is the smallest of the seventeen cities and municipalities comprising Metro Manila. The land is approximately only 183 hectares composed of 10 barangays.

Its primary land use classification is residential comprising of 84 % of the total land. Because of its size, population density, narrow roads and most of all, proximity to larger cities, Pateros has no comparative advantage in terms of development. Hence, it has very limited economical resources. It appears that it has become a bedroom municipality to other neighboring cities/municipalities where most of them are employed.

The Mayor, Hon. Rosendo T. Capco, has succeeded his brother as the Local Chief Executive in 2001. It is his second term as Mayor, being a lawyer he has served as kagawad during the term of his brother Jose T. Capco Jr. He has lived in one of the largest barangay, Barangay Sta. Ana, where most urban poor communities are located and he served as lawyer under the legal aid program to DSWD helping this community. As the successor to his brother, he has helped in continuing and implementing the programs that was initiated during that time.

The Mayor is not so knowledgeable in GIS but gives his full support and confidence to the Planning office headed by Angelus Ponce. The Sanguniang Bayan of Pateros has approved its CLUP on May 21, 2003.

Pateros has very limited resources to finance projects, but the Mayor boasts that he has helped 25 urban poor communities out of 60, to acquire the land through the Community Mortgage Program (CMT). Although there are still remaining urban poor communities, the problem lies in the landowners unwilling to sell their property to give way to the urban poor settlers who are leasing the land. Pateros is fully dependent on the National Housing Authority to provide relocation sites.

The major challenges, which the Mayor reports he has to battle with is to:

  1. Generate income;
  2. Improve traffic conditions;
  3. Dredging of the river;
  4. Resettlement of informal settlements along the river banks.

On the other hand the municipality

  1. Has good peace and order situation;
  2. Hall of Fame Awardee for Nutrition by the National Nutrition Council;
  3. High literacy rate (about 97 %).

How GIS Got Started
Pateros was part of the second batch of pilot municipalities for the two-year Municipal Base Mapping Project (MBMP) which had NAMRIA as lead implementing agency with assistance from the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency. At present, Pateros is updating its database composed of spatial data needed by the internal and external users in the future. Currently, they are digitizing the maps of schools, health centers, population density and overseas workers together with updating the attribute data.

Although there was a consultant that prepared their CLUP, the spatial data that was generated could not be overlaid with maps prepared from other sources. There were no metadata for the digital data given to them by the consultants that makes it hard to apply the correct settings for other data to make it homogenous. This is the reason that the thematic maps that are currently being prepared by the Planning Office use the NAMRIA digitized maps as the basemap. The data provided to them by the consultants where then manually adjusted to fit and conform to this dataset.

Ms. Angelus Ponce relates that although Pateros is a first class municipality with 40 million/year in income, they are not able to purchase new computers as the funds are priorities to finance the projects needed by the municipality.

Two staff assists the MPDC:

Arlene Ortiz – which was trained during the MBM project and has also attended training for ArcGIS;

Gregorio Lyo –who manages the municipality’s website also attended training for ArcGIS.

The Planning staff used to go to MMDA to have their large scale maps plotted but right now, they use the A3 printer for printing the maps.

Ms. Ortiz is an Industrial Technology Graduate cum Planning Officer and knows how to master basic operations in a GIS and is able to update and expand the municipal databases. Mr. Iyo is a Computer Science Graduate, who provides technical support, research to track the continuous need of spatial data information. He is also responsible in the maintenance and update of their website. They use Excel to process their tabular data, which can then be imported into ArcView 3.2, the GIS software.

A constraint to further improve their skills in GIS is the lack of time to practice. The two planning staff has other tasks outside the planning functions to perform. Further skill they need to improve is the use of GPS to capture data. They already have the receiver and know how operations of the device. However, the skills to upload and process these data for their GIS needs to be learned and also the time to go into this field survey has to be scheduled.






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